Chicken Pox Symptoms, Signs, Causes and Complications

Chickenpox is basically a viral infection which is caused by a virus varicella zoster which in result causes small rash and blisters which are filled with a fluid and leads to itchiness or irritation. Those people who do not get infected by chicken pox or do not get vaccinated against it in their lifetime are very contagious towards it. On an average mostly all of the people in their life till they reach to adulthood got infected by it and sometimes it leads to the severe complications. Although, the number of cases and number of hospitalized people have been dramatically down after the introduction of the vaccine.

In most of the cases chicken pox is just a normal disease which occurs for some time and got cured by its own but sometimes it leads to complications which are harmful so it is much better to get vaccinated against chicken pox, this vaccine is completely safe to use and highly effective in nature which also reduce down the severe complications. When any disease occurs the first things that he wants to know are signs and symptoms so that we will get alert in advance. Let us have a look over common symptoms of chickenpox which occurs in a patient :

When we, first of all, got infected by the virus it does not react or shows activities instantly although the symptoms, first of all, occurs after the 10 to 21 days of virus exposure. The first indication of chicken pox are rash which occurs on whole over the body. The other signs and symptoms which normally appears around one or two days before the rash are –

* Fever

* Loss of appetite

* Tiredness and malaise which is a feeling of unease or unwell

* Headache

When after the rashes of chicken pox appeared on your body it, later on, passed from the three stages

* In the first stage the raised pink colored red bumps appear on to the whole body which gets break out in several days.

* After these bumps hit filled up with a fluid blisters which are formed up from these bumps after the one or two days of breaking or leaking.

* The last stage of it is crust or scabs in which the fluid of blisters got dried  and take several days in healing the skin under blisters.

Up to several days the bumps got appeared on your body on regular intervals , so you needs to pass through all three stages of this rash which are bumps, blisters and scabs. When the infection occurs in your body then the virus got spread for at least 48 hours before rashes appear on body and till that you are very contagious until the spots crust over.

In healthy children the disease is normally mild but in some cases it got severe and the entire body got covered by lessons including throat, eyes and mucous membrane or genital parts.

ChickenPox Symptoms in Adults

As , the chicken pox can appear at any stage of your age which shows the variations in signs and symptoms of it. So, now we are going to know about the symptoms that occur in adults when they got infected by the virus. Most of the people thought that chicken pox only occurs once in the childhood and later they will not be infected from it but no, you are wrong as it is an infection which can occur again in your life at any stage either you are child or adults. If you are an adult and do not got chicken pox then you can get affected by it and if you didn’t have vaccinated against it in your lifetime then it can also lead to severe complications for you. The chicken pox virus normally gets transmitted by any contact from the infected person either direct or indirect, like when the person sneezes or coughs.

When you got a contract to the chicken pox at adult stage it generally leads to the complications with high risk , specially those people who have a weak immune system or going through treatments like chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant, organ transplant or infected by HIV are at the great risk of infection which can lead to complications. Let us come to know about the symptoms that occurs in adults while infected with chicken pox :

As , we know that the symptoms of chicken pox that shows in adults are although similar to that of children but they are more severe in comparison :

* Fever , headache, body ache can appear before one or two days of the appearance of rashes.

* Now , after 2 days of rash or appearance of these red spots got converted into it by vesicles which first appears on the trunk, face, and scalp and later on spreading to the entire body, if you try to scratch these spots then it can leave to permanent scars on your body. Before the healing process starts these itchy and irritative blisters get dry and turn up in to crust.

Complications in Adults

These complications of chicken pox in adults can occur due to the exposure of virus due to the superimposed infection of bacteria over body. These complications include –

* Bacterial infection of bones , tissues, skin, soft tissue, joints , sepsis or blood streams.

* Pneumonia

* Inflammation of brain called encephalitis

* Syndrome of toxic shock

Chickenpox Symptoms in Kids

As in the previous time this disease was very common among children but now after the vaccine against chicken pox has introduced the number of complications or patients has been decreased gradually as they are immunized against this virus. As it is spread by the direct or indirect contact with the patient of chicken pox and similarly if any old person is suffering from shingles than the children or kids who are having weak immune system or do not immunize against vaccine can develop chicken pox by touching or having a contact to these shingles although adults do not get this from shingles but children can. Let us come to know about the symptoms which occur in the children –

* Normally the problem gets appeared after 2 or 3 weeks of the contact with virus.

* In the children, this problem of chicken pox normally starts from the feeling of tiredness and lethargy which is followed by the fever and swollen glands.

* Next , after three to five days the rash breaks out on the body.

* First of all in appearance this rash appears as a red spot which later on got converted into fluid filled blisters on the chest , tummy, back or face and very soon it got spread on your whole body including mouth , ears , eyes or genital part of the body. These blisters are very itchy in nature and the new blisters got on the body and tell old one turns into scan after being dried. These scabs take around of several weeks for getting fall off.

* The symptoms of chicken pox are very mild in children if we compare it with adults.

Chickenpox symptoms in Infants

The infants which are suffering from chicken pox develops fluid filled blisters which normally starts appearing from the chest and then got spread on track arms and legs of baby. As chicken pox is  a mild disease but this do not mean take it lightly as it can also cause serious problem which can also gets into the brain , liver of the infant and can cause the serious illness which in turns result into death also. In most of the cases the time duration of chickenpox is generally about 4 to 7 days, the blisters pop out and scabs got over your body. Let us come to know about some symptoms which occurs in your infant when they got exposed toward chicken pox :

If infants the chicken pox normally mistaken or confused with the small pox as the rash is a classic symptom which are almost same as of small pox which has been eradicated. If you find that the body of your infant is having blisters like rash which are getting start from chest and then moves to the extreme level of chicken pox then , your child is having a great chance of suffering from chicken pox. As every parent is very careful for their infant so they wants to know that , is their any test which can diagnose the problem before it develops.

In the past time doctors were only able to detect chickenpox by having a look over rash on body as text rash of chicken pox were so clear and distinctive that the doctors become confident about the disease just by having a look over it. But now a days the symptoms or appearance of chicken pox has become so rare that it has now been very different and can not easily be confirmed by just having a look over rash so , for examining the disease the doctor can scratch a blister of your child and take that fluid in lab for the test of varicella virus and then confirm the positive or negative effects of chicken pox.

Signs of Chicken Pox

If you are vaccinated against chicken pox then it is very obvious and common that you can develop this disease so it is better to get vaccinated but still if you are thinking that you are going to have the infection then you will become alert in advance and can take proper care or action against the disease. So , for getting the advance knowledge you should be aware about the signs which are shown by the virus before infection normally begins on its high level by proper and deeply analyzing these symptoms you can make sure that are you having chicken pox or not. These typical signs of chicken pox are :

* You can develop high fever before 1 or 2 days of the development of chicken pox rashes.

* You will feel an extreme level of tiredness in your body.

* You will not feel any hunger which leads to the loss of appetite.

* A sever pain in your head which makes you difficult to do any mind work.

So , these are some signs which occurs to everyone before the symptoms appear on their body so , by having a clear examination you can detect the problem and can take some actions toward it.

Closure ,

So , this is all about the signs and symptoms of chicken pox from which you should be aware. Although , chicken pox do not require any medication but a little carelessness can lead it to complications which can even turn into death in rare cases. If we take a research on chicken pox it has been concluded that every year around or more than 4 million of people got suffered by chicken pox from which around 10 people dies annually due to chicken pox but before the introduction of vaccine the number of deaths due to chicken pox per year were around 100. So , vaccination has been proven very important and effective method of reducing the rate and death of person from chicken pox. You can easily prevent your self from getting this disease by simply avoiding any contact from the person who is already suffering from it. Chicken pox is a communicable disease which only occurs die to contact not by its own and in the field of prevention from it the vaccine is best nothing has come till now more effective then the vaccine. This vaccine not only immunize your body from chicken pox although if you got or discover chicken pox then due to vaccine you will not lead to the complications and will fell low level or mild chicken pox with few spots or blisters on body and a normal fever. If you see any complication or any further bacterial infection in your blisters then you needs to contact your doctor immediately and tell him about your problem so that you will got control over the infection. In all terms it is very necessary to take proper care of chicken pox until the blisters got converted into scans and make sure that you do not scratch your blisters otherwise it will lead your body with permanent scars which are not gone easily.

 

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